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- Seasonal Variability: Impacts, Adaptations and the Sustainability Challenge - UNU Collections
- Seasonal Variability: Impacts, Adaptations and the Sustainability Challenge
However, when requested to assess future activities under different climate scenarios, a strong emphasis on continuation of agriculture is found, especially in the Sudan zone. The reason for this contradiction may be that rural people still identify themselves primarily as farmers, but are in fact in a process of diversification away from agriculture. Diversification may be a particularly sensible strategy in the western Sahel, where rainfall is most likely to decrease, but with more frequent dry spells and intensive rainfall in the whole region, agriculture may face difficulties everywhere.
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Economic and political factors are more likely to influence the future of agriculture in the region, however Lambin et al. The perceived decline in agricultural production expressed in household surveys is corroborated by national statistics in several countries where the total grain production has not increased despite rapid population growth. It is not likely that climate variability and change has been a major driver of these events as none of the multiple approaches employed in this project were able to identify climate factors as having a strong weight in driving change.
However, the highly variable climate of the region constitutes an important constraint for agricultural strategies, which have remained unchanged. This apparent resilience of the land use system, however, might hamper transformation into alternative modes of production that are able to meet the growing food demands for a rapidly increasing local population, complicating development efforts. In the AMMA, we have uncovered the relative importance of climate factors for past adaptation actions, but more focus should be on the future adaptation needs, e.
We are grateful for the assistance and hospitality of the local communities that took part in the study. Volume 12 , Issue 1. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account.
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Open access. Atmospheric Science Letters Volume 12, Issue 1. Special Issue Article Open Access. Ole Mertz Corresponding Author E-mail address: om geo. Search for more papers by this author. Cheikh Mbow Institut des Sciences de l'Environnement.
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Eric F. Awa Diouf Institut des Sciences de l'Environnement. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access.
Seasonal Variability: Impacts, Adaptations and the Sustainability Challenge - UNU Collections
Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. The reality of having to live with some degree of anthropogenic global warming provides a strong impetus for the development and implementation of climate change adaptation strategies. However, these strategies of deliberate change have to be considered in the context of closely coupled social-ecological systems SES.
Seasonal Variability: Impacts, Adaptations and the Sustainability Challenge
Adaptations introduced must therefore be compatible with the social-ecological system in its entirety Berkes et al. Building resilience for complexity and change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, and that requires a holistic, systems approach. Peasant livelihoods and land degradation: Evidence from a participatory assessment in the Gia-Kajelo Community in Northern Ghana.
Hesselberg J. An assessment of the extent and causes of food insecurity in northern Ghana using a livelihood vulnerability framework. Springer Is Deagrarianisation Real? A study of livelihood activities in Rural Northern Ghana. Journal of Modern African Studies. Cambridge University Press Scandinavian Journal of Geography. UMEA, Denmark Norwegian Journal of Geography.
Francis and Taylor, UK Francis and Taylor, UK Books Asuelime, Lucky. Springer International Publishing. Rural Development in northern Ghana.
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- Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability in Rural West Africa.
Nova Science publishers, New York. Book Chapters. In Yaro. Yaro, Joseph Awetori and Tsikata, Dzodzi In Hall, R. James Currey, Martlesham, UK.
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Chapter 3: Midttun and N. New York, Routledge: Agyei-Mensah, Samuel. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. Gyasi, Edwin A. Woeli Publishing Services, Accra. Yaro, Joseph Awetori The story of northern Ghana. A Yaro ed.