- Enabling the Elderly: Religious Institutions Within the Community Service System
- Managing personal, emotional, cultural and spiritual needs in palliative care
- Community Aging Services and Senior Centers
Major events, such as the International Day of Disabled Persons, can provide opportunities for raising awareness, from national to local level, about the need for inclusive recreation and sporting activities. These events often attract positive media attention, which can raise awareness across a wide audience. Following successful local and national media coverage of the Blind Cricket World Cup in Pakistan, some CBR programmes saw an increase in the number of parents asking about educational and leisure opportunities for their visually impaired children.
Often mainstream recreation and sports programmes have not considered including people with disabilities. CBR programmes can work with these programmes to explore how to make their activities accessible to all.
CBR programmes can:. Publications such as the Fun and inclusive handbook 11 and Sport, recreation and play 12 provide further information and examples on how inclusion can be supported in low-income countries. CBR programmes can encourage and support school sports days that offer opportunities for inclusion. These sports days can increase awareness and understanding among school- aged children by offering opportunities for individuals with and without disabilities to play sports together.
The events are a positive experience for everyone involved including the children, parents, teachers, volunteers and sports officials. They can positively challenge attitudes and beliefs about disability and increase awareness about the sporting abilities of children with disabilities. Disability-specific programmes provide opportunities for people with disabilities to meet other people with disabilities, and enable them to compete against others who are at a similar skill level.
One of the largest networks of visually impaired people in Bangladesh is a Braille chess club, which has a network of clubs that reaches throughout urban and rural areas. This network provides opportunities not only to compete and develop skills but also to socialize and link with people of similar interests. All rights reserved. Turn recording back on.
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Geneva: World Health Organization ; Search term. Recreation, leisure and sports.
Introduction Like culture and art, recreation, leisure and sports activities play an important role in communities. BOX 18 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Article 30, paragraph 5: Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport 2 With a view to enabling persons with disabilities to participate on an ongoing basis with others in recreational, leisure and sporting activities, States Parties shall take appropriate measures to a encourage and promote the participation, to the fullest extent possible, of persons with disabilities in mainstream sporting activities at all levels; b have an opportunity to organize, develop and participate in disability-specific sporting and recreational activities; c have access to sporting, recreational and tourism venues; d ensure that children with disabilities have equal access with other children to participation in play, recreation and leisure and sporting activities; e have access to services from those involved in the organization of recreational, tourism, leisure and sporting activities.
The programme focused on three areas: Capacity-building and networking of Moroccan institutions — programme staff worked closely with the Royal Moroccan Sports Federation specialists in mainstream sports but with limited expertise in disability and around Moroccan disability associations specializing in health and education for people with disabilities, assisting them to develop strategic, national and international partnerships.
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Support was also offered to small projects and sports clubs for people with disabilities by offering training in management skills, project development, proposal writing and fundraising. Provision of adapted sports equipment — including wheelchairs, appropriate clothing, and adapted equipment, e. Organization of inclusive sports events — a number of sporting events were held.
These included an event to mark the International Day for Disabled Persons, and the Race for All, which attracted approximately runners both with and without disabilities. A high profile football tournament for players with disabilities was also held; it was sponsored by the King of Morocco and the final game was broadcast on national television to an audience of approximately 20 people. Goal People with disabilities participate both actively and as spectators in recreational, leisure and sporting activities on an equal basis with others.
The role of CBR The role of CBR programmes is to promote increased participation of people with disabilities in recreation, leisure and sports activities; and provide support to mainstream organizations and programmes to enable them to strengthen their capacity by offering appropriate and accessible recreation, leisure and sports activities.
Enabling the Elderly: Religious Institutions Within the Community Service System
Desirable outcomes People with disabilities participate in recreation, leisure and sports programmes available in the local community. Local, national and international authorities and associations include people with disabilities in their recreational, leisure and sports programmes. Families, teachers and community members recognize and actively promote the right and ability of people with disabilities to take part in recreation, leisure and sports activities. People both with and without disabilities are involved together in recreation, leisure and sports activities.
Equipment used for recreation, leisure and sports is adapted where needed to accommodate the needs of people with disabilities. Recreational, leisure and sports programmes and activities are developed specifically for people with disabilities where required. Key concepts Definitions In this element: Recreation refers to all those activities that people choose to do to refresh their bodies and minds and make their leisure time more interesting and enjoyable.
Recreation, leisure and sports in the community In many low-income countries where people work every day just to survive, the concept of leisure time is not always well understood and nor is it a priority. The benefits of participation Participation in recreation and sports activities can have many benefits for both the individual and community. These include: health promotion and disease prevention — recreation and sports activities are an enjoyable and effective way to improve health and well-being; they can relieve stress, increase fitness, improve physical and mental health, and prevent the development of chronic diseases, such as heart disease;.
BOX 20 Eritrea War veterans become role models In Eritrea, war veterans with disabilities received training to work as football team managers and trainers so they could play a key role in implementing children's football activities, involving more than children, in the capital city of Asmara. Recreation and sport are complementary with other opportunities While the many benefits of recreation and sporting activities have been highlighted, it is important to remember that they should not be used as a substitute for limited access to other opportunities, such as education or livelihood.
Managing personal, emotional, cultural and spiritual needs in palliative care
BOX 21 Afghanistan Bicycle training The Afghan Amputee Bicyclists for Rehabilitation and Recreation AABRAR programme in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a bicycle training programme for people with amputations, to improve their functional mobility and independence and enable them to travel to and from work and save on transportation costs.
Enabling access to recreation, leisure and sport Reasonable accommodation may be necessary for some people with disabilities to participate in recreation and sporting activities. BOX 22 Adapting sporting activities Adapting the rules or point scoring systems of games can allow people of different abilities and ages to play together at no cost. Suggested activities Identify local recreation, leisure and sports opportunities A first step is to identify what recreation, leisure and sporting opportunities already exist in and around the community.
Facilitate the participation of people with disabilities Activities are successful when they are: requested by individuals and communities, culturally appropriate, enjoyable and fulfilling for participants, and not too costly to develop and sustain. To facilitate the participation of people with disabilities in recreation and sporting activities, it is suggested that CBR programmes: provide information to people with disabilities about the recreation and sporting opportunities available in their local communities;.
Use recreation and sport to raise awareness about inclusion Major events, such as the International Day of Disabled Persons, can provide opportunities for raising awareness, from national to local level, about the need for inclusive recreation and sporting activities.
Encourage mainstream programmes to become inclusive Often mainstream recreation and sports programmes have not considered including people with disabilities. CBR programmes can: consult with national and international organizations to ensure that programmes are culturally and geographically specific, and available to people with disabilities of all ages, abilities, and genders living in urban and rural settings;.
As noted earlier, while the overall dollar amount of giving has dropped, there are other forms of giving that we might consider during this time.
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Although we bemoan our lack of time and the numerous daily pressures of our busy schedules, this is the holiday season. Challenge yourself to do something different and make a difference. Rich, Tracey R. Purdue University Global delivers a fully personalized, world-class education online that's tailored for adults.
Request more information on the online courses Purdue University Global has to offer. To receive the Purdue Global Program Guide, including associated career paths, please select an area of study. What do some religions say about charity? This concept includes giving, sharing, and selfless giving without anticipation of return or benefit to the giver. There is also sweat Dana, where the giver can donate time and effort such as working in a soup kitchen or on a construction project.
Community Aging Services and Senior Centers
Other concepts of charity are based on Judaism through the teachings of the Old Testament and through the life of Jesus based on the teachings in the New Testament. Maimonides, a great rabbi, organized the levels of charity from least to most meritorious: Giving begrudgingly Giving less than you should, but giving it cheerfully Giving after being asked Giving before being asked Giving when you do not know the recipient's identity, but the recipient knows your identity Giving when you know the recipient's identity, but the recipient doesn't know your identity Giving when neither party knows the other's identity Enabling the recipient to become self-reliant www.
About the Author Darlene Ann Levy Purdue University Global delivers a fully personalized, world-class education online that's tailored for adults.